Univ.-Prof. Dr. Oskar PARIS

Head of the Chair of Physics

Head of the Department Physics, Mechanics and Electrical Engineering


+43 3842 402-4600



Montanuniversität Leoben,

Institute of Physics

Franz-Josef-Strasse 18

A-8700 Leoben, Austria


Tel. ++43 (0)3842 402 4600

Fax ++43 (0)3842 402 4602

Email: Oskar.Paris(at)unileoben.ac.at



  •  2003                                    Habilitation in Materials Physics, Montanuniversität Leoben (A)
  • 1993-1996                          PhD in Solid State Physics, University of Vienna (A), Dr. rer. nat., June 1996
  • 1986-1993                          Diploma in Physics, University of Vienna (A), Mag. rer. nat., Nov. 1993
  • 1981-1986                          Istituto Technico Industriale (Electrical Engineering), Bolzano (I)

Career History

  • Since 02/2009                  Full Professor of Physics, Head: Chair of Physics, Montanuniversität Leoben (AT)
  • 11/2003-01/2009            Research Group Leader:  Department of Biomaterials, Max-Planck-Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Potsdam (DE)
  • 02/1998-10/2003            University Assistant: Institute of Metal Physics, Montanuniversität Leoben, (AT)
  • 10/1996-01/1998            Research Assistant: Institute of Applied Physics, ETH Zurich, (CH)
  • 04/1993-09/1996            Research Assistant: Institute of Solid-State Physics, University of Vienna (AT)


Research Interests and Expertise

  • The Materials Perspective: Structure and functional properties of nanomaterials: nanoporous materials, organic and inorganic nanoparticles, biological and biomimetic materials, energy storage materials.
  • The Physics Perspective: Adsorption and phase behaviour of molecules and ions in confined geometry; water structure and properties in confinement; adsorption-induced deformation.
  • The Methodical Perspective: Research with synchrotron radiation X-rays and neutrons using scattering techniques. Long-term methodical development and application of synchrotron radiation for in-situ and position resolved structural studies of nanomaterials.



  • 169 papers in SCI-listed peer-reviewed international journals; H-factor = 50; >7200 citations (source: Web of Science, March 2023);
  • High-Impact publications in Science, Nature Energy, Nature Communications, Energy Env Sci,Adv Mat, Adv Funct Mater, PNAS, JACS, ACS Nano, Nano Energy, Chem Mater, PRL.
  • More than 130 invited talks.

Teaching and Education Activities

  • Supervised 13 PhD theses (4 running) and 10 Master theses.
  • Bachelor courses in basic Physics (ca 300-500 students/year) at the Montanuniversität.
  • Master courses on Biological Materials and Synchrotron Radiation at the Montanuniversität.
  • Master-/PhD level practical training courses for materials science students at the synchrotron radiation source ELETTRA in Trieste (annually since 2012, collaboration Montanuniversität & TU Graz).
  • Organizer of- and lecturer at the NESY-Winterschool and Symposium on Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation (biannually since 1999).

Academic Positions and Memberships

  • Head of the Institute of Physics, Montanuniversität Leoben (2009-2022).
  • Head of the Department of Physics, Mechanics and Electrical Engineering (2023-)
  • Dean of Studies of the Montanuniversität Leoben (2017-2022).
  • Vice Dean of Studies of the Montanuniversität Leoben (2011-2017).
  • Member of the Senate of the Montanuniversität Leoben (2009-2013).
  • Delegate Assembly: Austrian Science Foundation, FWF (Delegate 2011-2015, Vice-Delegate, 2015-).
  • Montanuniversität Representative at the „Österreichische Agentur für Wissenschaftliche Integrität“, ÖAWI (since 2016).
  • Forum Lehre, Österreichische Universitätenkonferenz UNIKO (Member 2017-2022).

Scientific Boards and -Memberships

  • Council of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, ESRF (Austrian Representative, 2011-2021).
  • ESRF Advisory Board of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, ÖAW (Chairman 2011-2021, Member 2022-).
  • ILL Advisory Board of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, ÖAW (Member, 2012-).
  • Commission for International Large Scale Research of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, ÖAW (Member, 2014-2020)
  • Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation (NESY) Division of the Austrian Physical Society, ÖPG (Chairman, 2012-2014; Vice-chairman 2015).
  • Metals and Materials Division Steering Group; German Physical Society (Member, 2013-2016).
  • Austrian National Committee for Crystallography (Member, 2013-).
  • Scientific Advisory Board „Freiburger Zentrum für interaktive Werkstoffe und Bioinspirierte Technologien“, FIT (Member, 2015-).


Reviewer Activities

  • German BMBF-Gutachterausschuss: Erforschung kondensierter Materie an Großgeräten (Member 2010-2016).
  • Membership in numerous scientific proposal review panels and beamline review panels at large scale European Synchrotron and Neutron Facilities (continuously since 2002, at ESRF Grenoble, FRM II Munich, Helmholtz-Center Berlin, DESY Hamburg, ELETTRA Trieste).
  • Reviewer for the European Research Council (ERC), for national Science Foundations (Austria, Germany, UK, Poland, Israel), and for a broad spectrum of scientific journals in Physics, Materials Science, Chemistry and Biology.


List of the 10 most important SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS

  1. Nomination for the FWF Wittgenstein Award 2018.
  2. Keynote Lecture: Watching ions in supercapacitors at work by in-situ X-ray scattering, International Conference on Carbon for Energy Storage and Environmental Protection, Lyon, France October 2017.
  3. Plenary Lecture: In-situ small-angle X-ray scattering on nanoporous materials for energy applications, EUROMAT 2017, Thessaloniki, Greece, September 2017.
  4. Book Editor: Structure and multiscale mechanics of carbon nanomaterials, CISM conferences Series, Springer, 2016.
  5. Editorial Board Member: Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group (2012-2015).
  6. Plenary Lecture: When space becomes tight: fluid-solid interactions in nanoconfinement probed by Small-Angle Scattering, International Conference on Small-Angle Scattering, Berlin, September 2015.
  7. Journal Guest Editor: Bioinspired Composites – next generation of materials and devices; Bioinspired, Biomimetic and Nanobiomaterials 3(3) 2014.
  8. Invited Lecture: How structural hierarchy determines outstanding performance of biological materials: Contributions from X-ray micro- and nanobeam diffraction. Gordon Research Conference on X-ray Physics, Stonehill College Easton, MA USA, August 2013.
  9. COPP-Preis der deutschen Gesellschaft für Osteologie e.V. (1997).
  10. FWF Schrödingerstipendium (granted but not exploited, 1996).

10 most important PUBLICATIONS    


  1. Coffee waste derived nanoporous carbons for hydrogen storage, S. Stock, N. Kostoglou, J. Selinger, S. Spirk, C. Tampaxis, G. Charalambopoulou, T. Steriotis, C. Rebholz, C. Mitterer, O. Paris, ACS Applied Energy Materials 5 (2022) 10915-10926. doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.2c01573
  2. Salt concentration and charging velocity determine ion charge storage mechanism in nanoporous supercapacitors, C. Prehal, C. Koczwara, H. Amenitsch, V. Presser,O. Paris, Nature Communications 9 (2018) 4145. doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06612-4
  3. Quantification of ion confinement and desolvation in nanoporous carbon supercapacitors with modelling and in-situX-ray scattering, C. Prehal, C. Koczwara, N. Jäckel, A. Schreiber, M. Burian, H. Amenitsch, M.A. Hartmann, V. Presser, O. Paris, Nature Energy 2 (2017) 16215. doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2016.215
  4. Moisture-driven ceramic bilayer actuators from a biotemplating approach, D. Van Opdenbosch, G. Fritz-Popovski, W. Wagermaier, O. Paris, C. Zollfrank, AdvancedMaterials 28 (2016) 5235-5240. doi.org/10.1002/adma.201600117.
  5. Density minimum of confined water at low temperature: A combined study by small-angle scattering of X-rays and neutrons, M. Erko, D. Wallacher, A. Hoell, T. Hauss, I. Zizak, O. Paris, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 14 (2012) 3852-3858. doi.org/10.1039/C2CP24075K
  6. Capillarity-driven deformation of ordered nanoporous silica, J. Prass, D. Müter, P. Fratzl, O. Paris, Applied Physics Letters 95 (2009) 083121. doi.org/10.1063/1.3213564
  7. On the stability of amorphous minerals in lobster cuticle, A. Al-Sawalmih, C. Li, S. Siegel, P. Fratzl, O. Paris, Advanced Matererials 21 (2009) 4011-4015. doi.org/10.1002/adma.200900295
  8. A new experimental station for simultaneous X-ray microbeam scanning for small-and wide-angle scattering and fluorescence at BESSY II, O. Paris, C. Li, S. Siegel, G. Weseloh, F. Emmerling, H. Riesemeier, A. Erko, P. Fratzl, Journal of Applied Crystallography 40 (2007) s466-s470. doi.org/10.1107/S0021889806045444
  9. A reconsideration of the relationship between the crystallite size La of carbons determined by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy G. A. Zickler, N. Gierlinger, B. Smarsly, H. Peterlik, O. Paris, Carbon 44 (2006) 3239-3246. doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2006.06.029
  10. Decomposition and carbonization of wood biopolymers – A microstructural study of softwood pyrolysis, O. Paris, C. Zollfrank and G. A. Zickler, Carbon 43 (2005) 53-66. doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2004.08.034